Visit vibrant and the holy city of Malwa region situated on the banks of the river Shipra,. Ujjain is the modern name for Ujjayini (one who conquers with pride). Ujjayini was the capital of the Avanti Kingdom and is one of the seven sacred cities (Sapta Puri) of the Hindus, and the Kumbh Mela religious festival is held there every 12 years. It is also home to Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga, one of the twelve Jyotirlinga shrines to the god Shiva and is also the place where Lord Krishna got education with Balarama and Sudama from Maharshi Sandipani. According to the legends river Shipra that flows across Ujjain is regarded to have its originated due to the churning of the gods and goddess. Ujjain was a major centre of mathematical and astronomical research.
|Chintaman Ganesh Temple:|
The ancient temple of Chintaman Ganesh has an idol of Ganesh with Siddhi and Riddhi, his two consorts, on either side of the idol. The carved pillars built as support of the assembly hall can be traced back to the Paramara period. The deity here is addressed as Chintaharan Ganesh, which means 'the assurer of freedom from worldly anxieties'.
The Bhartrihari Caves are situated on the bank of River Shipra, adjacent to the temple of Gadkalika. It is believed to be the place where Bhartrihari, the step brother of Vikramaditya, have lived and meditated after renouncing worldly life. His famous works, Shringarshataka, Vairagyashataka, and Nitishataka, were possibly written here. Named after the famous sage 'Bhatrihari', the caves stand as testimony to the traditional wealth of India.
Pre-Islamic India held peers and saints with great respect and it is believed that they have attained spiritual awareness through stern atonement. Matsyendra, a peer belonged to the Natha sect of Saivism lived in the outskirts of Ujjain, and Pir Matsyendranath dedicated to the memory of this great leader. The Hindus and the Muslims of Ujjain equally revere an exceptionally attractive shrine on the banks of the Shipra, Pir Matsyendranath. Excavations at this site have revealed some antiques, which date back to the 6th and 7th century BC.
|Bade Ganeshji Ka Mandir:|
Situated near the tank of the Mahakaleshwar Temple, Bade Ganeshji Ka Mandir holds a colossal statue of the elephant-headed God. The elephant head of the deity signifies wisdom, discretion and foresight that the Hindus attribute to divinity. In the center of the Ganeshji temple, there lies an exceptional statue of Hanuman, a deity of devotion and belief. What makes this deity so unique is the fact that Hanuman is depicted here with five faces, which symbolises courage, loyalty, devotion, strength, and righteousness. An important centre for learning, Bade Ganeshji Temple imparts knowledge in the field of astrology and Sanskrit.
Situated on an island in the river Shipra was built in the year 1458 AD by the Sultans of Mandu. The palace was demolished at the time of the Pindaris and was restored to its former glory by Madhav Rao Scindia in 1920. The central hall, which is surrounded with galleries, presents a classic example of Persian architecture. Once a hall of fame, this majestic monument holds two Persian inscriptions, which states about the visit of Akbar and Jahangir. The river flowing on both sides of the palace, along with some man-made tanks and channels, forms a beautiful backdrop.
Ujjain enjoyed a place of prominence in the field of astronomy in Ancient India. One of the existing examples of the astronomical advancement of the city, during those times, is explicit in the form of the 'Veda Shala'. It was built by the Rajput King, Jai Singh II and is one of the many observatories of India. The place houses ancient astronomical devices that make it a fascinating storehouse of antique relics. This observatory is still in use and is also a major site of various astronomical studies and research.
An ancient shrine of Ujjain and one of the most famous 'Shaktipeeths' all over India, this temple enshrines a vermilion colored idol of Goddess 'Annapurna', placed between the images of Goddess Laxmi and Goddess Saraswati. According to mythology, this is the place where Goddess Sati's elbow fell while Shiva carried away her burning body from the sacrificial fire. The place today is a famous religious shrine of the Hindus. Apart from its cosmic manifestations, the place also exhibits the finery of Maratha artistry in its architectural style.
Situated about 2 miles from Ujjain, Gadkalika temple is located near the Bhartrihari Caves. This ancient temple is dedicated to the Hindu Goddess Kaali. It is believed that the poet Kalidasa worshipped the image of Kaali present in this shrine. The temple was renovated by the Indian emperor Harshavardhana, in the 7 AD, and later by the Parmers. In modern times, the temple has undergone some amount of refurbishing, under the erstwhile Gwalior state.
Dedicated to lord Krishna, Gopal Temple in Ujjain presents a classic example of Maratha architecture. Built in the 19th century, by Bayajibai Shinde, this huge temple is placed in the middle of a big market. Its strategic position in the heart of the city attributes the popularity of the temple. This temple is a marble-spired structure and the deity's two feet tall statue is placed on a marble-inlaid altar with silver-plated doors. The door in the inner sanctum is the same door, which had been carried away by Ghazni from the Somnath temple. Mahadji Scindia recovered the door and now it has been installed in this temple.
Located on the Triveni Ghat of the Shipra River, the Navagraha Mandir is a little away from the old site of Ujjaini Town. The temple is dedicated to nine planets, attracting huge crowds on full moon days, especially those which fall on Saturdays. Lately, the religious significance of the place has increased.
The legendary place where Lord Krishna believed to have summoned the holy rivers from all the pilgrim centres so that his old Guru can peacefully do all the rituals. Gomti Kund is a steeped water tank, which situates near to the Sandipani Ashram. Sandipani ashram bears references in the Vedas and Puranas and excavations held here revealed 3,000 years old painted artifacts, which show that this was a significant place from ancient days. One among the oldest holy spot, Gomati Kund is the perennial source of water supply to the Ashram.
The temple of Mahakaleshwara with its soaring shikhara dominates the skyline and life of Ujjain. Here, the god Shiva reigns eternal and the lingam at Mahakaleshwara, one of the 12 jyotirlingas in India, is believed to be swayambhu (born of itself), deriving its shakti or power, from within itself. Yet another unique feature of this majestic shrine is the idol which faces the south, a positioning upheld by tantric traditions and found only in Mahakaleshwara among the 12 jyotirlingas. The idol of Omkareshwara Shiva is consecrated in the sanctum above the Mahakal shrine and the images of Ganesh, Parvati and Kartikeya are in the west, north and east of the sanctum sanctorum. To the south is Shiva's bull steed, Nandi. Every Mahashivratri, in the month of March, fair held near the temple.
The Kaliadeh Temple is located on the banks of the River Shipra and is the most visited sites of the state of Madhya Pradesh. It is like an isle that is separated by a small stretch of water that makes it look more elegant. Kaliadeh Palace is located in an island-like setting on the Shipra River. The landscape provides a glorious backdrop to this imposing building. Constructed in 1458, the Kaliadeh Palace has 52 tanks that river water is diverted through to create cooling breezes. The central dome of the palace is an excellent example of Persian architecture.
|Best Time To Visit: Throughout the year|
|How to reach there:|